The Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) extension of the interest rate it reduced during the pandemic (officially known as discounted interest rate) by another 12 months is seen as a big boost for an economy licking its wounds from the recession, most analysts polled by BusinesDay said.
Discounted interest rate is a rate charged by the monetary authority, in this case, the CBN on the deposit money banks.
On March 1, 2020, the CBN reduced the interest rates on its intervention funds from 9 percent to 5 percent per annum for a one-year period.
The reduction was part of measures to mitigate the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Nigerian economy. One major impact of the intervention was in the management of Non-Performing Loan (NPL) in the banking system.
Although the banking sector NPLs rose to 6.01 percent at the end of December 2020 from 5.88 percent at the end of November 2020 and above the prudential maximum threshold of 5.0 percent, analysts said it would have been worse than this if not for the discounted facilities and moratorium for banks and other financial institutions.
Akintunde Olusegun, analyst at Polaris Bank Limited, said extending the discounted rate was good for the economy as the COVID-19 pandemic was still on. Most businesses affected have not recovered, and ending it now would not have helped those businesses.
He said the CBN acted in the right direction, noting, “It gives the companies the opportunity to rebound. The impact of the previous discounted rate could be seen on the GDP, which came against the predictions of most economists and the IMF. Surprisingly, Nigeria exited recession.”
The extension followed the positive impact recorded in the first discounted intervention facility in 2020. Borrowers of the facility were majorly the manufacturers and agribusiness operators.
Data from FBNQuest showed that the Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) made a good recovery from 44.5 to 53.0 in February 2021. The good recovery was driven by medium-sized and small firms.
According to Ayodeji Ebo, head, retail investment, Chapel Hill Denham, it is a positive development. It will help the banks in managing NPL. If it is positive, it gives them leeway. The discounted rate for the CBN intervention facility last year provided support to most companies, especially, in the real sector. It helped in the increase in crop production and reduction in cost of fund.
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report showed that agriculture contributed 24.23 percent to nominal GDP in the fourth quarter of 2020, higher than the rates recorded for the fourth quarter of 2019, but lower than the third quarter of 2020, which recorded 23.38 percent and 28.41 percent, respectively. The annual contribution of agriculture to the nominal GDP in 2020 was 24.45%. Crop production sector grew by 3.68% in Q4 2020 from 1.38% in Q3 2020 and 2.52% in Q4 2019.